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Now available from the World Bank (in print or free online):

Watkins, R., West Meiers, M. and Visser, Y. (2012). A Guide to Assessing Needs: Tools for collecting information, making decisions, and achieving development results. Washington, DC: World Bank.

Below is a bibliography of needs assessment related books. If you have others that you would like for us to add, please Contact Us using the form to the left.

Altschuld, J.W. & R. Watkins (Eds.), Needs assessment: Trends and a view toward the future. Special Issue of New Directions for Evaluation, 144.

Altschuld, J.W. (2014) Bridging the Gap between Asset/Capacity Building and Needs Assessment:  Concepts and Practical Applications. Sage Publications; Thousand Oaks, CA.

Altschuld, J. W., & Witkin, B. R. (2000). From needs assessment to action: Transforming needs into solution strategies. Sage Publications; Thousand Oaks, CA.

Altschuld, J. W. (2010).  The Needs Assessment KIT. (ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications. [5 volume series with individual titles listed below]


Altschuld, J. W., & Kumar, D. D. (2010) The Needs Assessment KIT - Book 1, Needs Assessment: An Overview. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.


Altschuld, J. W., & Eastmond, J. N. Jr.  (2010). The Needs Assessment KIT - Book 2, Phase I: Getting Started. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.


Altschuld, J. W.  (2010). The Needs Assessment KIT - Book 3, Phase II: Collecting Data. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.


Altschuld, J. W., & White, J. L. (2010). The Needs Assessment KIT - Book 4, Analysis and Prioritization. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.

Barbazette, J. (2006). Training needs assessment: Methods, toils and techniques. San Francisco: Pfeiffer.

Goldstein, I.L. (1993), Training in Organizations: Needs Assessment, Development and Evaluation (3rd ed.), Monterey: Brooks/Cole.

Gupta, K., Sleezer, C., & Russ-Eft, D. (2007). A Practical Guide to Needs Assessment (2nd ed.). San Francisco: Pfeiffer.

Gupta, K. (2001). Conducting a Mini Needs Assessment. Alexandria: American Society for Training Development.

Harless, J. H. (1975). An ounce of analysis is worth a pound of objectives. Newnan, Georgia: Harless Performance Guild.

Johnson, D., Meiller, L., Miller, L. & Summers, G. (1987), Needs assessment: Theory and methods. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press. 

Kaufman, R. & Guerra-Lopez, I. (2013). Needs Assessment for Organizational Success. Alexandria, VA: ASTD Press.

Kaufman, R. (2006). Change, Choices, and Consequences: A guide to Mega thinking. Amherst, MA:HRD Press.

Kaufman, R. (1992). Strategic planning plus. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publishing.

Kaufman, R. (1998). Strategic thinking: A guide to identifying and solving problems, Revised Ed. Washington, D.C. & Arlington, VA: The International Society for Performance Improvement and the American Society for Training and Development. Also, Spanish edition, El pensamiento estrategico. Centro de Estudios: Roman Areces, S.A., Madrid, Spain.

Kaufman, R. (2000). Mega planning: Practical tools for organizational success. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. 

Kaufman, R. (2006).  30 Seconds That CanChange Your Life: A Decision-Making Guide for Those Who Refuse to be Mediocre. Amherst, MA: HRD Press. Available online for free at Scribd.

Kaufman, R., Oakley-Brown, H., Watkins, R., and Leigh, D. (2003). Strategic planning for success: Aligning people, performance, and payoffs. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Kaufman, R., Watkins, R., and Leigh, D. (2001). Useful educational results: Defining, prioritizing, and achieving. Lancaster, PA: Proactive Publishing.

Kaufman, R., Guerra-Lopez, I., Watkins, R., and Leigh, D. (2008). The Assessment Book: Applied Strategic Thinking and Performance Improvement Through Self-Assessments. Amherst, Ma:HRD Press.

Kaufman, R., & English, F. W.  (1976).  Needs Assessment   A Guide for Educational Managers.  Arlington, VA: American Association of School Administrators.

Kaufman, R., & English, F. W.  (1979).  Needs assessment: Concept and Application.  Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Educational Technology Publications.

Kaufman, R., Rojas, A., & Mayer, H. (1993).  Needs assessment: A user's guide.  Englewood Cliffs, NJ., Educational Technology Publishers. (Winner of the 1994 ID Tools AWARD, Division of Instructional Development, The Association for Educational Communications & Technology).


Leatherman, D. (2007). Training Trilogy: Conducting Needs Assessment, Designing Programs, Training Skills. Amherst: Resource Development Press.

Mager, B., and Pipe, R. (1997). Analyzing performance problems. (3rd ed.). Atlanta, GA: The Center for Effective Performance.

McArdle, G. (1998). Conducting a needs analysis. Menlo Park, CA: CrispLearning. 

McKilip, J. (1987). Needs Analysis Tools for the Human Services and Education. California: Sage Publications.

Reviere, R. (1996). Needs Assessment: A Creative and Practical Guide for Social Scientists. Washington, DC: Taylor and Francis

Robinson, D. G. Robinson, J. C. (1989). Training for impact: How to link training to business needs and measure the results. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Rossett, A. (1987). Training needs assessment. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Educational Technology Publishing Co.

Rossett, A. (2009). First things fast: A Handbook for Performance Analysis (Essential Knowledge Resource). 2nd Ed. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Royse, D., Staton-Tindall, M, Badger, K. & Webster, J. (2009). Needs Assessment: Pocket guide to social work research methods. New York: Oxford University Press.

Russ-Eft, D., & Preskill, H. (2009). Evaluation in organizations: A systematic approach to enhancing learning, performance, and change (2nd ed.). New York: Perseus.

Soriano, F.I.. (1995). Needs assessments: A multidisciplinary approach. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc. 

Surface, E. A. (2013). Training needs assessment: Aligning learning and capability with performance requirements and organizational objectives. Chapter in Wilson, M. A., Bennett, Jr. W., Gibson, S. G., & Allinger, G. M. (eds.) Handbook of Work Analysis: Methods, Systems, Application, and Science of Work Measurement in Organizations. New York: Routledge Academic.

Tobey, D. (2005). Needs assessment basics. Alexandria, VA: ASTD Press.

Ulschak, F. (1983). Human Resource Development: The theory and practice of needs assessment. Reston, VA: Reston Publishing. 

Wambeam, R. (2014). The Community Needs Assessment Workbook. Chicago, IL: Lyceum Books.

Watkins, R. and Leigh, D. (Eds.) (2009). The Handbook of Improving Performance in the Workplace - Volume 2: Selecting and Implementing Performance Interventions. San Francisco: Wiley-Jossey/Bass and Silver Spring, MD: ISPI.  (Most chapters available online at Scribd for free)

Watkins, R. (2007). Performance By Design: The systematic selection, design, and development of performance technologies that produce useful results. Amherst, Ma:HRD Press and Silver Spring, Md:International Society for Performance Improvement.

Witkin, B. R., & Altschuld, J. W. (1995). Planning and conducting needs assessments: A practical guide. Sage Publications; Thousand Oaks, CA. 

Witkin, B. R. (1984). Assessing needs in educational and social programs. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Zemke, R., & Kramlinger, T. (1982). Figuring things out: A trainer's guide to needs and task analysis. Boston, MA: Addison-Wesley.